The Sub-Saharan Africa faces lot of challenges due to the high number of HIV infected people in the region. It is said that around two-thirds of HIV infection people live in Africa alone. With the rate at which the disease is spreading, along with the increase in the death rate, it is becoming highly essential to come up with resources and techniques that help in the research for eradication of this life threatening disease. Studies on HIV require access to classified information that has to be kept secure. Biometrics systems provide healthcare arena with the needed security and confidentiality, thanks to inventions likefingerprint door lock.
In Africa, hospitals and research laboratories are open to the idea of using biometrics to help them with the work on HIV studies. Biometrics is a method of using physiological and behavioral characteristics to secure information and control access. Applications of biometrics help in secure verifications of patients and provide data security and management. Fingerprint scanners are said to offer accurate identity recognition and help in storing private confirmation. Fingerprint identification help to control access and organize patient details and medication.
Bwindi Community Hospital in Uganda provides healthcare facilities for diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis. To support this endeavor, biometric software solutions and biometric readers are available for identity management. Using fingerprint scanners to identify and recognize the patient history helps in maintaining medical information about each patient. The patients scan their finger on a fingerprint scanner and provide additional information which can be retrieved at a later date through a single fingerprint scan.The hospitals in Africa face numerous challenges to log information and verify identity of each patient. Scanning devices like fingerprint door lock help in keeping the database regarding patient details, secure and provide access to authorized personnel only. This technique keeps a check over patients undergoing Anti-Retroviral therapy.Researchers and doctors with authorization can access this information anytime. A common database would in turn help them access the medical history of Africa at a central location.
Russ Altman from Standford University expresses that to store, manipulate, retrieve and make inferences regarding biological knowledge, secure methods need to be developed. biometric systems offer one such technique by providing user-friendly and speedy authentication. This in turn improves patient care, processing and security. It helps to keep medical information and patient history confidential and allow access to only those patients who have the matching print.