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Biometric Security systems
Five years ago, if someone told you that a computer would enable you to shop, order food, work and talk while on the way to home from office, you would have probably not believed him. Today, when you look at tablet PCs like iPads, you find these features are the norm.
These small, handy devices are making our life increasingly convenient by the day, especially because they help you manage your professional and personal life better. But since they do so much, it is important that you protect them, too. While you may use protective covers and screen guards for its body, how do you ensure data safety? Until now, most people have used virus scanners and applications that provide customized locks, but these are not foolproof. The solution is to use biometric security systems for your tablet PCs.
These systems apply the technology used in popular biometric devices like the Suprema Biomini USB fingerprint scanner and Lumidigm Sensor, which are known for their accuracy and sharpness in identifying fingerprints.
There are two ways in which you can use these biometric security systems:
The first one is external, wherein you use fingerprint scanners like the Lumidigm Mercury 301 or the Lumidigm Sensor. These need to be attached to your tablet via a USB port. Your device would only unlock when an authorized fingerprint is provided to it.
This means that you may leave your tablet unattended at meetings or in office or even while having guests at home, and no one would be able to access your data!
This is more popular than the former as it is more convenient and helps keep your tablet secure even while on the move. Here, the tablet itself has internal applications that work on biometrics. The system is similar to that of the Suprema Biomini USB fingerprint scanner and Lumidigm Mercury 301, wherein the camera of the tablet helps scan your fingerprint and authorizes it.
The best part about using internal or external fingerprint scanners for your tablet is that it limits the access, thus also averting the risk of theft. You may also install a tracker along with the scanner for enhanced safety.
The false acceptance rate, or FAR, is the measure of the likelihood that the biometric security system will incorrectly accept an access attempt by an unauthorized user. A system's FAR typically is stated as the ratio of the number of false acceptances divided by the number of identification attempts. (Webopedia)
The false rejection rate, or FRR, is the measure of the likelihood that the biometric security system will incorrectly reject an access attempt by an authorized user. A system's FRR typically is stated as the ratio of the number of false rejections divided by the number of identification attempts. (Webopedia)
These days there is a lot of emphasize on FAR (False Acceptance Rate). It is good that clients are getting aware of these terms and asking the right questions before implementing a solution.
However, FAR only provides half the information. When selecting a biometric solution, we need to find out what the False Rejection Rate (FRR) is at the said FAR.
So when a biometric solution provider claims to have a very low FAR, it is very important to find out what is the FRR at this 'low' FAR. Then depending upon the application one needs to evaluate whether the FAR & FRR ratio is acceptable for the application.
In a practical scenario a low FAR & a high FRR would ensure that any unauthorized person will not be allowed access. It would also mean that the authorized people will have to put their finger on the device several times before they are allowed access.
Therefore, it is good to have a very low FAR, but please remember that if this low FAR is coming at the cost of high FAR then the solution needs to be re-evaluated.
Growing up with superhero movies, you would probably be a fan of how Superman's X-Ray vision could help spot the baddie. However, while this was entertaining for the movies, in real life, our superheroes are the cops. In England, the Metropolitan Police, better known as the Scotland Yard, are provided with the pocket finger scanner to ease their jobs.
Equipped with a finger scanner similar to Secugen Hamster Plus, these devices are great to scan the fingerprints of the suspects anywhere, anytime and check their records using the internet-connected handheld gadgets. This tool is of great help to the local cops of London who need to deal with the petty criminals as well as fraudulent people on a daily basis.
In league with the top biometric devices like the Lumidigm Sensor and Secugen Hamster Plus, this mobile pocket tool identifies the fingerprints from the official police database IDENT1, in less than two minutes. This is a lot faster and convenient than the earlier manual process, which would take hours along with detaining the suspect. Besides saving time and energy of the cops, it is convenient even for the public as they are not faultily accused. Since biometric security is almost foolproof, the hidden or false identity of the criminals may also be discovered quickly.
This mobile biometric security device is equipped with a finger scanner similar to Lumidigm Sensor wherein it takes into consideration various points in the print and calculates algorithms to give accurate results. These have proven to be one of the finest biometric security devices for enabling our real life superheroes, the police.
The use of biometric security systems in law enforcement is not a breaking news event any more. However, from a sheer biometric perspective, it is not a bad development at all as people are more attuned to what is happening in biometric technology and have accepted that biometrics will be an integral part of their lives. This is a small victory for the biometrics industry. Kudos to all!
However, this does not mean that the biometric industry is incapable of throwing a surprise, from time to time, that makes us sit up and wonder: "Is this really possible?" This is exactly what happened recently. A leading provider of identity and protection products for soldiers and civilians released their new application on Google Play, the Android marketplace. The free trial app allows the user to perform biometric identification using their android devices. The app will support biometric enrolment like iris scan, finger scan, and facial scan. However, you will need a fingerprint scanner, iris scanner or facial scanner to collect the data. Once the data is collected it can be sent to the database to collect biometric information of the sample.
This is breaking news. Just imagine all the good that can be done with these simple but powerful biometric security systems. A policeman patrolling on the streets can record biometric information like iris scan, finger scan or facial scan and tap into the central database in seconds. Depending on the information showing up on the central database, he can take the decision to apprehend or release the suspect. This will be a huge improvement over the current police reporting system which is time consuming and clumsy. In the current system, the suspect is apprehended and taken to the police station where he has to wait for hours for the background verification to be completed. This procedure is time consuming, inefficient and is bad publicity for the police administration. No wonder people complain about police harassment all the time.
Fingerprint readers like the Digital Persona U Are U 4500 Fingerprint Reader can easily be integrated into this system to make police administration work less chaotic. This fingerprint scanner is not limited to just police work; it can be used indoors too in restaurant, hospitals, offices, schools and more. Fingerprint reader windows 7 devices can be used for drug dispensation, prescription fulfillment, time and attendance, law enforcement and banking applications. Digital Persona's U Are U 4500 Fingerprint Reader soft blue glow blends with any type of environment and does not conflict with the soft lighting in restaurants and health care facilities. Because of its special under coating it stays put in one place. It has a powerful optical sensor that can read fingerprint data from any angle.
This app has huge potential in schools, public administration, hospitals and defense. Yes, it will throw up a few privacy issues, but that is expected when there is a new development in technology.
Desktops are passé, mobile devices are in. Mobile technology is advancing at such a breathtaking and fascinating pace that it has become increasingly difficult to keep track of what is new and what is old. In the not so distant future, it is not inconceivable to imagine mobile devices, like the iPad and the iPhone, taking over the role of desktops in an office setting.
As businesses move towards a cloud based business model, security will become paramount for survival in this business. Unfortunately, the existing archaic access control systems based on a system of passwords, will be blown to bits by a hacker who knows his game. If you think that cloud based platforms are safe, think again. Recently, Wired correspondent, Mat Honan, had his cloud connected Mac, iPhone and iPad hacked. If this can happen to a Wired correspondent, think what can happen to you. However, with stronger Biometric Security Systems, this type of hacking would not be possible.
We all know that M-Commerce or mobile commerce is going to be the next big thing. Banks, financial institutions, online trading companies are already hawking their wares online. However, when it comes to security, M-Commerce is still a long way from being reliable. The good news for consumers, having high hopes of M-commerce, is that the next generation of smart phones will be way smarter with inbuilt biometric access control software. This software will have a device to record your biometric data. This data will then be digitized with the help of powerful biometric access control software and sent to the cloud where it will be matched with recorded data. If there is a match, the user will be able to log in and complete the transaction as he wishes. This type of application will support cash transactions too. Right now, customers have to login with the use of passwords which is fraught with a lot of risk. Once smart phones are biometrically enabled, access to cash will become smoother, risk free and convenient.
Biometric security systems can be tailored to the requirement of any industry. This type of technology is almost here and it is believed that the next generation of Apple products will have inbuilt biometric readers.
Biometric Access Control technology uses certain identifiable characteristics like fingerprints, retina, veins, voice, keystroke, and gait for validating the verification process. These characteristics are unique to every individual and cannot be replicated. Biometric data is collected during enrollment and stored in a secured database. Verification is done by comparing the information in the database with live data collected thorough a scanner. Biometric access control systems are foolproof, reliable and built to operate in the most challenging conditions.
Biometric Access Control has found widespread acceptance in the industry. The advantages include round the clock surveillance, remote login, time keeping and payroll accounting.
It is no secret that the biometric industry has ridden on the security wave post Nov 11. Post Nov 11, the US government laid down several policies for the purpose of homeland security, the FIPS 201 standards for personal verification is just one of them. Biometric fingerprint reader devices, like Futronic FS88 Fingerprint Scanner, have to be FIPS 201 consistent. The standard was laid down by NIST in response to HS Presidential Directive 12 that is discussed later in this article.
The key drivers of biometric security
The Home Security Presidential Directive 12 (2004) and the Prum Decision (2005) are the key drivers when it comes to the explaining the growth of the $10 Billion dollar, Biometric industry. The HS Presidential Directive 12 laid down the guidelines for protecting federal property and network resources. It mandated the standardization of federal employee identification system, protection of federal installations and resources, and setting up of training and research institutions for home land security. The objective of this directive was to prevent any repeat of the 9/11 accident.
The European Union got together and passed the Prum Decision a year following the HS12 directive. The original signatories included Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Spain. The treaty was signed in a small town in Germany, Prum. The Prum treaty laid down rules for sharing of data, including DNA and fingerprint data collected with the help of a Fingerprint Reader.
Following these directives, investment in the moribund biometric industry picked up considerably. The industry grew by doggedly pursuing quality. Government intervention also helped. The turnaround came when private players jumped in the fray, demanding biometric security enabled appliances at their place of business. Fingerprint readers such as Futronic FS88 Fingerprint Scanner and Futronic FS80 Futronic FS80 are ideal biometric security devices.
The biometrics industry is tailor made for the security business. Biometrics uses immutable characteristics like fingerprints, iris patterns, voice data, and gait for identification purposes. The Futronic FS88 Fingerprint Scanner can be used to record fingerprint data which can then be used for identifying an individual. Biometric technology can be used in hospitals, dispensaries, hotels, restaurants, construction sites to provide access control and employee time clock.
Infant mortality rate in India (48/1000) is almost three times that of China and Brazil. Despite the almost eight percent growth rate in the Indian economy, the state run health care sector in India is in shambles, showing high infant and maternity mortality rates. The health care sector remains chronically understaffed and the problem of understaffing is made worse by rampant indiscipline among those in the medical fraternity.
Absenteeism is rampant in the state run hospitals, with some doctors not reporting for days on a stretch. However these truant doctors are able to collect their full salary as the attendance registers are often fudged with the connivance of those entrusted with time keeping. The situation, in government hospitals, is so bad that a ward boy was found to be performing surgery in one of the state run hospitals, recently.
The security in these state run hospitals is also cause for concern. There are no entry restrictions. Security is so bad that anybody can enter the hospitals premises and do as they wish. Without any access control solutions there is no accountability. Instances of child theft are at an all time high thanks to this laissez faire state.
Realizing that absenteeism had become a big liability for the government, the West Bengal health department decided to usher biometric time clocks in a phased manner. Expecting serious opposition from the Group D staff, the health department has decided that only Group A staff would be covered under the new attendance system using access control solutions biometric time clocks. Employee time clock software prepares a time log every time the user logs in and logs out. Employee time clock software is used for payroll accounting, workforce management and computing salaries at the end of the month.
Access control solutions are becoming the weapon of choice for the health departments across the length and breadth of India, as India wages a war against chronic absenteeism in government hospitals. The results are encouraging so far. The Group A officers have accepted the state governments diktat after some initial grumbling. However, the group D staff has yet to acquiesce to this system.
Biometrics is the most reliable method for time keeping. This is because all attendance related transactions are validated with the help of biometric data like fingerprints, voice, color of the iris, gait and so on. Each transaction is recorded in a digital format and the transaction log is preserved for end of the month pay roll accounting.
The power of Biometric technology can be harnessed to make hospitals safe. Biometric Fingerprint door locks can be installed at vantage points for controlling entry. Only those related to the family can be given access. Fingerprint door locks can be installed at pharmacy store and maternity wards where most of the thefts take place.
For years the methods used for admitting students to an examination have been very primitive. Either the school authorities used ID cards, Library Cards, fees Clearance Cards or Photo Cards, etc. for authenticating students into an examination hall. However, there were lot of problems faced by the school management in such method such as sometimes the card would be stolen, forgotten at home or even faked in some cases.
But the good news is that with the use of a multi-mode biometrics which includes (fingerprint software and other biometric identification like face recognition) has brought a solution to the problem of examination malpractice to a great extent in schools.
Multi-mode as the name suggests means using of multi or more than one biometric factor to provide increased security. Today, the multi-mode biometric has been used in different Nigerian schools to address examination malpractices.
The use of biometric identification has also lead to increase in efficiency. Instead of serving a long queue for checking the students' I.D before letting them inside an examination room, the biometrics helps schools to avoid backed-up, unauthorized entry, fake I.D. cards. In a survey it was found that a school system where biometric devices where used instead of PIN pads. With a number of students standing outside examination halls each and every minute saved can prove precious in not only helping students accommodating themselves better before an exam when inside the room but also helped the school authorities in curbing any mal practices.
Also the use biometric devices help increase security levels of the school and protect the students' privacy. This is because of the simple fact the as against the traditional I.D cards and Pins one student cannot misuse, forge , steal another student's biometric identification in order to access a fellow students account.
With such benefits of Fingerprint software more and more schools all over the world are using these methods. These biometric means are much reliable, they save the cost of producing cards, easy to use, as well as secure for the students.
Along with this, schools managements have are also becoming aware that the biometric identification is not as high-tech ultramodern concept and is quite affordable. These methods have proved to be very handy in curbing the problems relating to forgotten Pins, lost cards, and the potential for misuse due to bullying and so on.
Advanced recognition techniques have made use of human aspects that are difficult to tamper with. These advanced biometric identification devices use individualistic characteristics into account for recognizing an individual for his/her true identity. Some of these intrinsic characteristics are iris, fingerprint, face, voice, retina etc.The earlier methods of biometric security also included writing and hand geometry but these methods are slowly becoming obsolete since they can be altered and manipulated.
Nowadays, one of the most widely used and commonly found biometric devices is the fingerprint recognition system. It is a known fact, with various studies dedicated to it, that each individual has a different set of fingerprint mark. It is also inexpensive and fast to access the finger print and ascertain the true identity of the person. It is also used at the time of criminal investigations and time attendance systems in workplaces. The advanced fingerprint technology uses sensor technology and optical systems to capture high quality prints. The images are very fine and are according to Federal Information Processing Standard 201 for personal identification (FIPS 201/PIV). Making biometric devices traceable, new age biometric security has a unique serial number. This makes it appropriate for government and high profile uses.
The other type of biometric device is iris scanner that works by capturing the image of the iris in the eye. This method of identification, verification and recognition is one of the most fool proof systems to ensure that no outsider is able to get access inside the restricted areas. Iris scanners do not involve a high beam laser that can penetrate the eye or is discomforting. It involves a video based technology that captures the image of the eye. It is safe and uses infrared rays only.
As contrary to biometric devices such as fingerprint scanners fingerprint scanners, iris scanners do not involve any touch. They are considered to be more hygienic and are more secure. It is one of the most advanced technologies today.
Biometric security has a variety of applications and is widely accepted as an element to ensure greater security. Both the biometric devices are easy to adapt and can be added to any system or application. Not only do they save time but are also a great addition to maintain control and security.
Integrating the use of biometric devices in your workplace enables a substantial boost in your overall security infrastructure. FBI-certified fingerprinting devices such as the Secugen Hamster IV offer robust identification and verification solutions, which ensure utmost security for the information and assets of your business.
Devices such as the Secugen Hamster Plus fingerprint scannerhave proven to be cost-efficient and effective security solutions on multiple levels; especially for those in the banking sector, public sector and other organizations, which deal with sensitive information or high-value products.
1. Organizations that have employed biometric deviceshave been able to significantly reduce risks associated with fraud. This is mainly because of the difficulty in forging biometric identification.
2. Since these devices make use of physical characteristics such as fingerprints or voice; there is no risk of unauthorized entry into restricted areas with the use of lost, borrowed or stolen ID cards.
3. Devices such as the Secugen Hamster IV can be effectively integrated into various operations within the business such as customer and database management applications, to deliver a sustainable, secure and holistic networking facility with well-defined access points for different personnel.
4. Biometric devices such as the Secugen Hamster Plus fingerprint scanner also help authorities to track the whereabouts of employees and suspicious activities through various locations around the office, to further ensure complete security.
In addition to this, employing a biometric system ascertains significant return on investment by supporting additional functions such as attendance and time management.